Shoulder Pain Relief Kitchener, Waterloo & Elmira, ON

Shoulder Pain

The shoulder provides a versatile range of motion and is comprised of three bones: the humerus, the scapula and the clavicle. Its joint is the most mobile in the human body and allows circular, forward and backward movement. This wide range of motion is due to the openness of the bony structures but also the movement and stabilizing features of the rotator cuff, which is four tendons that connect the muscle to the bone.

What Causes Shoulder Pain?

There are a number of conditions that can cause shoulder pain. The most common cause is a rotator cuff injury. A rotator cuff injury can be due to tendonitis, bursitis, or tears. Those who have to reach overhead repeatedly usually incur a rotator cuff injury like painters and tennis players. Bursitis is caused by an inflammation of its fluid-filled sacs. Rotator cuff tears or strains can occur after a fall or car accident. Any type of shoulder injury will typically cause a lot of pain.

Other causes of shoulder pain include a pinched nerve, frozen shoulder or a dislocated shoulder. A pinched nerve is when another structure is impinging on a nerve. It’s quite painful. A frozen shoulder is where muscles, ligaments and tendons stiffen and become difficult to move. Activities are generally limited. With a dislocated shoulder, the ball of the humerus comes out of the shoulder socket. And with age, the soft tissues around the shoulder can degenerate and cause pain. Most people will incur some type of shoulder pain in their lifetime.

Diagnosing The Cause of Pain In The Shoulder and Treatment

Your physician will take a medical history and do a physical exam to determine the cause of your shoulder pain. An assessment of joint stability and range of motion will also be performed. An MRI or an X-ray may also be done to help with the diagnosis.

A physiotherapist can help evaluate and treat a shoulder injury. The initial evaluation will be a thorough assessment about the nature of your pain. A goniometer may be used to measure shoulder motion, range of motion and strength of the shoulder. Specials tests will also be done to determine which structure is causing the pain. For example, the Yergasons’s test is done to diagnose bicipital tendonitis, and the Empty Can test is a screening tool for injury to the shoulder’s tendons or muscles.

A physiotherapist uses different treatments and modalities to treat shoulder conditions.

  • Exercises generally consist of active shoulder motion, passive range of motion, using shoulder pulleys, shoulder scapular stabilization and rotator cuff strengthening.
  • Other modalities of treatment include ultrasound, heat therapy, electrical stimulation, massage, joint mobilization and cold therapy. These treatment modalities are a perfect adjunct to exercise. Ultrasound and electrical stimulation help decrease pain and improve mobility.
  • With joint mobilization, the joints are moved in specific directions. It’s a gliding motion that is relaxing.
  • The physiotherapist also uses massage and kneads the injured tissues of the body to enhance healing.
  • Acupuncture and taping as also treatments that your physiotherapist may use to treat your shoulder pain.

All of these treatment modalities help decrease pain, reduce swelling, improve circulation and decrease muscle tension. Your physiotherapists will also instruct you in home exercises to enhance recovery from a shoulder injury. With physiotherapy, healing is faster, and you won’t have to rely so much on pain meds.

Have you suffered a shoulder injury? Do you have shoulder pain and don’t know why? Get the answers and treatment you need to get on the path to recovery. Be sure to call us today for a personalized consultation and effective treatment plan. Our certified and skilled physiotherapists have helped many others recover from a shoulder injury and can help you too. Recovery is just a phone call away. For more information, Contact Us at Kitchener, Waterloo & Elmira, ON Centers.

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  • BELMONT CLINIC

    Belmont Centre for Physical Medicine
    564 Belmont Avenue West, Suite 301
    Kitchener, Ontario N2M 5N6

    Phone : (519) 743-4355 Fax : (519) 743-6787 belmont@sosphysiotherapy.ca

  • ELMIRA CLINIC

    Behind Wellness Centre ( Clock Tower )
    3 Wyatt Street East, Suite 2
    Elmira, Ontario N3B 2H4

    Phone : (519) 669-1212 Fax : (519) 669-0800 elmira@sosphysiotherapy.ca

  • CAMPUS CLINIC

    University of Waterloo Student Life Centre
    200 University Avenue West
    Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1

    Phone : (519) 884-0767 Fax : (519) 884-9161 campus@sosphysiotherapy.ca