Foot & Ankle Pain Relief Kitchener, Waterloo & Elmira, ON

Foot and Ankle Pain Relief

The ankle is a hinged joint formed by the meeting of three bones – the tibia, fibula and the talus. Its bony knobs on each side are known as the malleoli. All in all, the ankle is a complex structure. These structures provide stability for walking and standing. In addition, ligaments on the outside of the ankle provide stability. There are also tendons that attach to the ankles’ muscles.

What Causes Ankle Pain?

Ankle pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as sprain, strain, tendonitis and arthritis. Ankle sprains and strains are one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries. These types of injuries can occur on both sides of the ankle joint. Typically, sudden stretching or sudden twisting causes an ankle sprain or strain. There may be pain, swelling or even a tear. Usually, an x-ray is done to rule out a fracture. Treatment for an ankle sprain or strain generally includes applying ice, getting rest and limiting the amount of weight-bearing on the ankle. Physiotherapy may also be part of the rehabilitation process.

Tendonitis is a swelling of the tendon. In the ankle, it can involve the peroneal tendon, the posterior tibial tendon or the Achilles tendon. Tendonitis can result from an overuse injury, running or diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. All kinds of tendonitis typically cause inflammation, pain and tenderness. Physiotherapy is effective in the treatment of tendonitis.

Foot pain can be caused by three major types of arthritis-osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and posttraumatic arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition where the cartilage gradually begins to wear away. Pain and stiffness worsen over time. It results in a painful rubbing of bone on bone. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease. It can affect the ankle and foot joints. The body’s immune cells attack the synovium covering the foot’s joints. Pain and joint deformity are common with rheumatoid arthritis.

After an injury, posttraumatic arthritis can develop in the ankle or foot. Previous fractures and dislocations are the most common conditions that can lead to posttraumatic arthritis. Like osteoarthritis, the joints begin to wear away. And it may take many years for this to occur after the injury.

Physiotherapy for Foot Pain and Ankle Pain

Physiotherapists utilize a combination of therapy techniques to relieve foot pain and ankle pain. Soft tissue and joint mobilizations are done to restore muscle activation and proper joint mechanics. Manual therapy may be used to improve mobility of the ankle and foot along with reducing pain. Therapeutic exercises are targeted to the affected foot structures. Balance training may also be implemented.

Some passive modalities that physiotherapists use to treat injuries to the foot and ankle include ultrasound, electrical stimulation, ice and heat therapy and massage. These treatment methods increase blood flow and circulation to enhance healing, reduce inflammation, reduce pain and improve mobility. At your initial physiotherapy assessment, a full evaluation is done, goals are discussed and an individualized treatment plan is designed to target your specific needs.

Are you suffering from foot pain or ankle pain? Don’t delay any longer. Contact Us at Kitchener, Waterloo & Elmira, ON Centers to schedule a one-on-one consultation and comprehensive evaluation. Our physiotherapists have helped many other patients who suffer from ankle and foot pain and can help you, too. The path to your recovery is just a phone call away.



    Belmont Centre for Physical Medicine
    564 Belmont Avenue West, Suite 301
    Kitchener, Ontario N2M 5N6

    Phone : (519) 743-4355 Fax : (519) 743-6787


    Behind Wellness Centre ( Clock Tower )
    3 Wyatt Street East, Suite 2
    Elmira, Ontario N3B 2H4

    Phone : (519) 669-1212 Fax : (519) 669-0800


    University of Waterloo Student Life Centre
    200 University Avenue West
    Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1

    Phone : (519) 884-0767 Fax : (519) 884-9161